Nissan Altima 2007-2012 Service Manual: Electric ignition system

System Diagram

System Description


System Description

INPUT/OUTPUT SIGNAL CHART

*1: This signal is sent to the ECM through CAN communication line.


*1: This signal is sent to the ECM through CAN communication line.

*2: ECM determines the start signal status by the signals of engine speed and battery voltage.

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

Firing order: 1 - 3 - 4 - 2

The ignition timing is controlled by the ECM to maintain the best air-fuel ratio for every running condition of the engine. The ignition timing data is stored in the ECM.

The ECM receives information such as the injection pulse width and camshaft position sensor (PHASE) signal.

Computing this information, ignition signals are transmitted to the power transistor.

During the following conditions, the ignition timing is revised by the ECM according to the other data stored in the ECM.

• At starting

• During warm-up

• At idle

• At low battery voltage

• During acceleration

The knock sensor retard system is designed only for emergencies. The basic ignition timing is programmed within the anti-knocking zone, if recommended fuel is used under dry conditions. The retard system does not

operate under normal driving conditions. If engine knocking occurs, the knock sensor monitors the condition.

The signal is transmitted to the ECM. The ECM retards the ignition timing to eliminate the knocking condition.

Component Parts Location

1. Intake valve timing control solenoid


1. Intake valve timing control solenoid valve

2. Ignition coil (with power transistor) and spark plug

3. Knock sensor, Crankshaft position sensor (POS)

4. Air fuel ratio (A/F) sensor 1

5. Camshaft position sensor (PHASE)

6. Engine coolant temperature sensor

7. Park/neutral position (PNP) switch

8. ECM

9. Refrigerant pressure sensor

10. Battery current sensor

11. IPDM E/R

12. Mass air flow sensor (with intake temperature sensor)

13. Tumble control valve actuator

14. EVAP service port

15. Electric throttle control actuator (with built in throttle position sensor and throttle control motor)

16. EVAP canister purge volume control solenoid valve

17. Fuel injector

18. Power steering pressure sensor

1. Battery


1. Battery

2. Fuel pump fuse (15A)

3. IPDM E/R

4. Brake master cylinder

5. Engine ground

6. Air cleaner assembly

7. Mass air flow sensor (with intake air temperature sensor)

8. Radiator hose (upper)

9. Engine coolant temperature sensor

10. Intake air duct

11. Camshaft position sensor (PHASE)

12. Tie rod (RH)

13. Power steering pressure sensor

14. Knock sensor

15. Engine oil cooler

16. Crankshaft position sensor (POS)

17. Drive shaft (RH)


1. Exhaust manifold cover


1. Exhaust manifold cover

2. Air fuel ratio (A/F) sensor 1

3. Heated oxygen sensor 2 (This illustration is a view from under vehicle.)

4. Engine oil pan

1. EVAP service port


1. EVAP service port

2. Intake air duct

3. EVAP canister purge volume control solenoid valve

4. Intake manifold collector

5. Park/neutral position (PNP) switch (CVT) (This illustration is view with air cleaner assembly removed.)

6. Park/neutral position (PNP) switch (M/T) (This illustration is view with air cleaner assembly removed.)

7. Intake valve timing control solenoid valve (This illustration is view with engine removed.)

8. Exhaust manifold cover

9. Air fuel ratio (A/F) sensor 1

10. Air fuel ratio (A/F) sensor 1 harness connector

11. Heated oxygen sensor 2 (This illustration is view from under vehicle.)

12. Heated oxygen sensor 2 harness connector (This illustration is view from under vehicle.)

13. Engine oil pan

14. Heated oxygen sensor 3 (This illustration is view form under vehicle.)

15. Heated oxygen sensor 3 harness connector (This illustration is view from under vehicle.)

1. Thermostat housing


1. Thermostat housing

2. Tumble control valve actuator

3. Throttle valve (This illustration is view with intake air duct removed.)

4. Electric throttle control actuator

5. Fuel injector harness connector

6. Condenser-2

7. Radiator hose (upper)

8. Battery

9. ECM

10. Fuel level sensor unit and fuel pump harness connector (This illustration is view with rear seat cushion and inspection hole cover removed.)

11. Fuel level sensor unit and fuel pump assembly

12. Fuel pressure regulator

13. Fuel tank temperature sensor

14. EVAP control system pressure sensor (This illustration is view with rear suspension member removed.)

15. EVAP canister vent control valve (This illustration is view with rear suspension member removed.)

16. EVAP canister (This illustration is view with rear suspension member removed.)

1. No.1 ignition coil


1. No.1 ignition coil

2. Cooling fan motor-1 harness connector

3. Cooling fan motor-2 harness connector

4. Refrigerant pressure sensor

5. Accelerator pedal position sensor

6. ASCD brake switch

7. Stop lamp switch

8. Brake pedal

9. ASCD clutch switch

10. Clutch pedal

11. ASCD steering switch

12. CANSEC switch

13. RESUME/ACCELERATE switch

14. SET/COAST switch

15. MAIN switch

Component Description


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