Nissan Altima 2007-2012 Service Manual: On board refueling vapor recovery (ORVR)

Description

From the beginning of refueling, the air and vapor inside the fuel tank go


From the beginning of refueling, the air and vapor inside the fuel tank go through refueling EVAP vapor cut valve and EVAP/ORVR line to the EVAP canister. The vapor is absorbed by the EVAP canister and the air is released to the atmosphere.

When the refueling has reached the full level of the fuel tank, the refueling EVAP vapor cut valve is closed and refueling is stopped because of auto shut-off. The vapor which was absorbed by the EVAP canister is purged during driving.

WARNING: When conducting inspections below, be sure to observe the following: • Put a “CAUTION: FLAMMABLE” sign in workshop.

• Do not smoke while servicing fuel system. Keep open flames and sparks away from work area.

• Be sure to furnish the workshop with a CO2 fire extinguisher.

CAUTION: • Before removing fuel line parts, carry out the following procedures: - Put drained fuel in an explosion-proof container and put lid on securely.

- Release fuel pressure from fuel line. Refer to EC-550, "Inspection".

- Disconnect battery ground cable.

• Always replace O-ring when the fuel gauge retainer is removed.

• Do not kink or twist hose and tube when they are installed.

• Do not tighten hose and clamps excessively to avoid damaging hoses.

• After installation, run engine and check for fuel leaks at connection.

• Do not attempt to top off the fuel tank after the fuel pump nozzle shuts off automatically.

Continued refueling may cause fuel overflow, resulting in fuel spray and possibly a fire.

Component Function Check

1.CHECK ORVR FUNCTION

Check whether the following symptoms are present.

• Fuel odor from EVAP canister is strong.

• Cannot refuel/Fuel odor from the fuel filler opening is strong while refueling.

Is any symptom present? YES >> Go to EC-476, "Diagnosis Procedure".

NO >> INSPECTION END

Diagnosis Procedure

1.INSPECTION START

Check whether the following symptoms are present.

A: Fuel odor from EVAP canister is strong.

B: Cannot refuel/Fuel odor from the fuel filler opening is strong while refueling.

Which symptom is present? A >> GO TO 2.

B >> GO TO 7.

2.CHECK EVAP CANISTER

1. Remove EVAP canister with EVAP canister vent control valve and EVAP control system pressure sensor attached.

2. Weigh the EVAP canister with EVAP canister vent control valve and EVAP control system pressure sensor attached.

The weight should be less than 2.1 kg (4.6 lb).

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 3.

NO >> GO TO 4.

3.CHECK IF EVAP CANISTER SATURATED WITH WATER

Check if water will drain from EVAP canister.

Does water drain from the EVAP canister? YES >> GO TO 4.

NO >> GO TO 6.

4.REPLACE EVAP CANISTER


4.REPLACE EVAP CANISTER

Replace EVAP canister with a new one.

>> GO TO 5.

5.DETECT MALFUNCTIONING PART

Check the EVAP hose between EVAP canister and vehicle frame for clogging or poor connection.

>> Repair or replace EVAP hose.

6.CHECK REFUELING EVAP VAPOR CUT VALVE

Refer to EC-479, "Component Inspection".

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> INSPECTION END

NO >> Replace refueling EVAP vapor cut valve with fuel tank.

7.CHECK EVAP CANISTER

1. Remove EVAP canister with EVAP canister vent control valve and EVAP control system pressure sensor attached.

2. Weigh the EVAP canister with EVAP canister vent control valve and EVAP control system pressure sensor attached.

The weight should be less than 2.1 kg (4.6 lb).

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 8.

NO >> GO TO 9.

8.CHECK IF EVAP CANISTER SATURATED WITH WATER

Check if water will drain from EVAP canister.

Does water drain from the EVAP canister? YES >> GO TO 9.

NO >> GO TO 11.

9.REPLACE EVAP CANISTER


9.REPLACE EVAP CANISTER

Replace EVAP canister with a new one.

>> GO TO 10.

10.DETECT MALFUNCTIONING PART

Check the EVAP hose between EVAP canister and vehicle frame for clogging or poor connection.

>> Repair or replace EVAP hose.

11.CHECK VENT HOSES AND VENT TUBES

Check hoses and tubes between EVAP canister and refueling control valve for clogging, kink, looseness and improper connection.

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 12.

NO >> Repair or replace hoses and tubes.

12.CHECK RECIRCULATION LINE

Check recirculation line for clogging, dents and cracks.

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 13.

NO >> Replace fuel filler tube.

13.CHECK REFUELING EVAP VAPOR CUT VALVE

Refer to EC-479, "Component Inspection".

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 14.

NO >> Replace refueling EVAP vapor cut valve with fuel tank.

14.CHECK FUEL FILLER TUBE

Check fuel filler tube and hose connected to the fuel tank for clogging, dents and cracks.

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 15.

NO >> Replace fuel filler tube.

15.CHECK ONE-WAY FUEL VALVE-I

Check one-way valve for clogging.

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 16.

NO >> Repair or replace one-way fuel valve with fuel tank.

16.CHECK ONE-WAY FUEL VALVE-II

1. Make sure that fuel is drained from the tank.

2. Remove fuel filler tube and hose.

3. Check one-way fuel valve for operation as follows.

When a stick is inserted, the valve should open, when removing stick it should close.

Do not drop any material into the tank.

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> INSPECTION END

NO >> Replace fuel filler tube or replace one-way fuel valve with fuel tank.

Component Inspection


Component Inspection

1.INSPECTION START

Do you have CONSULT-III? Do you have CONSULT-III? YES >> GO TO 2.

NO >> GO TO 3.

2.CHECK REFUELING EVAP VAPOR CUT VALVE

1. Remove fuel tank. Refer to FL-10, "Removal and Installation".


1. Remove fuel tank. Refer to FL-10, "Removal and Installation".

2. Drain fuel from the tank as follows: - Remove fuel feed hose located on the fuel gauge retainer.

- Connect a spare fuel hose, one side to fuel gauge retainer where the hose was removed and the other side to a fuel container.

- Drain fuel using “FUEL PUMP RELAY” in “ACTIVE TEST” mode with CONSULT-III.

3. Check refueling EVAP vapor cut valve for being stuck to close as follows.

Blow air into the refueling EVAP vapor cut valve (from the end of EVAP/ORVR line hose), and check that the air flows freely into the tank.

4. Check refueling EVAP vapor cut valve for being stuck to open as follows.

- Connect vacuum pump to hose end.

- Remove fuel gauge retainer with fuel gauge unit.

Always replace O-ring with new one.

- Put fuel tank upside down.

- Apply vacuum pressure to hose end [−13.3 kPa (−0.136 kg/cm3, −1.93 psi)] with fuel gauge retainer remaining open and check that the pressure is applicable.

Is the inspection result normal?


Is the inspection result normal? YES >> INSPECTION END

NO >> Replace refueling EVAP vapor cut valve with fuel tank.

3.CHECK REFUELING EVAP VAPOR CUT VALVE

1. Remove fuel tank. Refer to FL-10, "Removal and Installation".


1. Remove fuel tank. Refer to FL-10, "Removal and Installation".

2. Drain fuel from the tank as follows: - Remove fuel gauge retainer.

- Drain fuel from the tank using a handy pump into a fuel container.

3. Check refueling EVAP vapor cut valve for being stuck to close as follows.

Blow air into the refueling EVAP vapor cut valve (from the end of EVAP/ORVR line hose), and check that the air flows freely into the tank.

4. Check refueling EVAP vapor cut valve for being stuck to open as follows.

- Connect vacuum pump to hose end.

- Remove fuel gauge retainer with fuel gauge unit.

Always replace O-ring with new one.

- Put fuel tank upside down.

- Apply vacuum pressure to hose end [−13.3 kPa (−0.136 kg/cm3, −1.93 psi)] with fuel gauge retainer remaining open and check that the pressure is applicable.

Is the inspection result normal?


Is the inspection result normal? YES >> INSPECTION END

NO >> Replace refueling EVAP vapor cut valve with fuel tank.

    Malfunction indicator lamp
    Description The Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) is located on the combination meter. The MIL will light up when the ignition switch is turned ON without the engine running. This is a bulb chec ...

    Positive crankcase ventilation
    Description This system returns blow-by gas to the intake manifold. The positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) valve is provided to conduct crankcase blow-by gas to the intake manifold. Duri ...

    Other materials:

    Basic inspection
    DIAGNOSIS AND REPAIR WORKFLOW Work Flow OVERALL SEQUENCE DETAILED FLOW 1. GET INFORMATION FOR SYMPTOM Get the detailed information from the customer about the symptom (the condition and the environment when the incident/malfunction occurred). >> GO TO 2 2. CHECK DTC 1. Check DTC ...

    P1805 Brake switch
    Description Brake switch signal is applied to the ECM via the stop lamp switch when the brake pedal is depressed. This signal is used mainly to decrease the engine speed when the vehicle is being driven. DTC Logic DTC DETECTION LOGIC DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE 1.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION ...

    Symptom diagnosis
    SQUEAK AND RATTLE TROUBLE DIAGNOSES Work Flow CUSTOMER INTERVIEW Interview the customer if possible, to determine the conditions that exist when the noise occurs. Use the Diagnostic Worksheet during the interview to document the facts and conditions when the noise occurs and any customer ...