Nissan Altima 2007-2012 Service Manual: Refrigeration system

HFC-134a (R-134a) Service Procedure

SETTING OF SERVICE TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

WARNING: Avoid breathing the A/C refrigerant and oil vapor or mist. Exposure may irritate eyes, nose, and throat.

Remove the HFC-134a (R-134a) from the A/C system using certified service equipment meeting the requirements of SAE J2210 (R-134a recycling equipment) or SAE J2201 (R-134a recovery equipment).

If an accidental system discharge occurs, ventilate the work area before resuming service. Additional health and safety information may be obtained from the refrigerant and oil manufacturers.

Discharging Refrigerant

Evacuating System and Charging Refrigerant

Discharging, Evacuating, and Recharging the A/C System

*1 HA-21, "Maintenance of Oil Quantity in Compressor"

*2 HA-25, "Checking of Refrigerant Leaks"

*3 HA-25, "Checking of Refrigerant Leaks"

*4 HAC-5, "Operational Check"

*5 HA-4, "Contaminated Refrigerant"

Checking of Refrigerant Leaks

Perform a visual inspection of all refrigeration parts, fittings, hoses and components for signs of A/C oil leakage, damage and corrosion. A/C oil leakage may indicate an area of refrigerant leakage. Allow extra inspection time in these areas when using either an electronic refrigerant leak detector or fluorescent dye leak detector.

If dye is observed, confirm the leak with an electronic refrigerant leak detector. It is possible a prior leak was repaired and not properly cleaned.

When searching for leaks, do not stop when one leak is found but continue to check for additional leaks at all system components and connections.

When searching for refrigerant leaks using an electronic leak detector, move the probe along the suspected leak area at 25 - 50 mm (1 - 2 in) per second and no further than 6 mm (1/4 in) from the component.

CAUTION: Moving the electronic leak detector probe slower and closer to the suspected leak area will improve the chances of finding a leak.

    Oil
    Maintenance of Oil Quantity in Compressor The oil in the compressor circulates through the system with the refrigerant. Add oil to compressor when replacing any component or after a large refriger ...

    Fluorescent leak detector
    Checking System for Leaks Using the Fluorescent Leak Detector 1. Check A/C system for leaks using the UV lamp and safety goggles (J-42220) in a low sunlight area (area without windows preferable ...

    Other materials:

    Jump starting
    To start your engine with a booster battery, the instructions and precautions below must be followed. WARNING ● If done incorrectly, jump starting can lead to a battery explosion, resulting in severe injury or death. It could also damage your vehicle. ● Explosive hydrogen gas is a ...

    Positive crankcase ventilation
    Description This system returns blow-by gas to the intake manifold. The positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) valve is provided to conduct crankcase blow-by gas to the intake manifold. During partial throttle operation of the engine, the intake manifold sucks the blow-by gas through the ...

    P1800 Vias control solenoid valve 1
    Description The VIAS control solenoid valve 1 cuts the intake manifold vacuum signal for power valve 1 control. It responds to ON/OFF signals from the ECM. When the solenoid is OFF, the vacuum signal from the intake manifold is cut. When the ECM sends an ON signal the coil pulls the plunger ...