Nissan Altima 2007-2012 Service Manual: Compression pressure

CHECKING COMPRESSION PRESSURE

1. Warm up the engine to full operating temperature.

2. Release the fuel pressure. Refer to EC-550, "Inspection" (California), EC-1038, "Inspection" (Except California).

3. Remove the ignition coil and spark plug from each cylinder.

Refer to EM-14, "Removal and Installation".

4. Connect engine tachometer (not required in use of CONSULT-lIl).

5. Disconnect the fuel injector harness connector to avoid any residual fuel injection during the measurement.

6. Install the compression tester with the adapter into the spark plug hole.

• Use compression tester whose end (rubber portion) is smaller than


• Use compression tester whose end (rubber portion) is smaller than 20 mm (0.79 in) in diameter. Otherwise, it may be caught by cylinder head during removal.

7. With the accelerator pedal fully depressed, turn the ignition switch to


7. With the accelerator pedal fully depressed, turn the ignition switch to the “START” position to crank over the engine. When the gauge pointer stabilizes, read the compression pressure and engine rpm. Perform these steps to check each cylinder.CAUTION:


CAUTION: Always use a fully charged battery to obtain specified engine cranking speed.

• If the engine speed is out of specified rpm range, check the battery. Check engine speed again with a fully charged battery.

• If compression pressure is below minimum value, check valve clearances and parts associated with combustion chamber (valve, valve seat, piston, piston ring, cylinder bore, cylinder head, cylinder head gasket).

After the checking, measure compression pressure again.

• If some cylinders have low compression pressure, pour small amount of engine oil into the spark plug hole of the cylinder to re-check it for compression.

• If the added engine oil improves the compression, the piston rings may be worn or damaged. Check the piston rings and replace if necessary.

• If the compression pressure remains at low level despite the addition of engine oil, the valves may be malfunctioning.

Check the valves for damage. Replace the valve or valve seat accordingly.

• If two adjacent cylinders have respectively low compression pressure and their compression remains low even after the addition of engine oil, the head gasket is leaking. In such a case, replace the cylinder head gasket.

8. Install spark plug, ignition coil and harness connectors.

    Camshaft valve clearance
    Camshaft valve clearance • Perform this inspection as follows after removal, installation, or replacement of the camshaft or any valverelated parts, or if there are any unusual engine conditi ...

    Other materials:

    ECM branch line circuit
    Diagnosis Procedure INSPECTION PROCEDURE 1.CHECK CONNECTOR 1. Turn the ignition switch OFF. 2. Disconnect the battery cable from the negative terminal. 3. Check the following terminals and connectors for damage, bend and loose connection (unit side and connector side). - ECM - Harnes ...

    Rear seat
    Exploded View BENCH SEAT 1. Rear seat side bolster assembly LH 2. Rear seatback latch mount 3. Rear seat side bolster assembly RH 4. Rear seatback latch 5. Rear seatback trim panel 6. Seat belt guide 7. Rear seatback pad RH 8. Rear seatback pad LH 9. Rear seatback pad trim RH 10. Rear ...

    Auto operation does not operate but manual operates normally (driver side)
    Diagnosis Procedure 1. PERFORM INITIALIZATION PROCEDURE Perform initialization procedure. Refer to PWC-108, "POWER WINDOW MAIN SWITCH : Special Repair Requirement". Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 2 NO >> Repair or replace the malfunctioning parts. 2. ...