Nissan Altima 2007-2012 Service Manual: Shift mechanism

System Diagram

NOTE: The gear ratio is set for every position separately.

System Description

In order to select the gear ratio which can obtain the driving force in accordance with driver's intention and the vehicle condition, TCM monitors the driving conditions, such as the vehicle speed and the throttle position and selects the optimum gear ratio, and determines the gear change steps to the gear ratio. Then send the command to the step motor, and control the flow-in/flow-out of line pressure from the primary pulley to determine the position of the moving-pulley and control the gear ratio.

“D” POSITION

Shifting over all the ranges of gear ratios from the lowest to the highest.

“M” POSITION

When the selector lever is put in the manual shift gate side, the fixed changing gear line is set. By moving the selector lever to + side or - side, the manual mode switch is changed over, and shift change like M/T becomes possible following the changing gear set line step by step.

DOWNHILL ENGINE BRAKE CONTROL (AUTO ENGINE BRAKE CONTROL)

When downhill is detected with the accelerator pedal released, the engine brake will be strengthened up by downshifting so as not to accelerate the vehicle more than necessary.

ACCELERATION CONTROL

According to vehicle speed and a change of accelerator pedal angle, driver's request for acceleration and driving scene are judged. This function assists improvement in acceleration feeling by making the engine speed proportionate to the vehicle speed. And a shift map which can gain a larger driving force is available for compatibility of mileage with driveability.

Component Parts Location - Coupe

1. Control device assembly

2. Accelerator pedal position sensor

3. CVT unit harness connector

4. Primary speed sensor

5. Secondary speed sensor

6. PNP switch

7. TCM

8. Battery

9. Shift position indicator Manual mode indicator

Component Parts Location - Sedan

1. Control device assembly

2. Accelerator pedal position sensor

3. CVT unit harness connector

4. Primary speed sensor

5. Secondary speed sensor

6. PNP switch

7. TCM

8. Battery

9. Shift position indicator Manual mode indicator

Component Description

TRANSAXLE ASSEMBLY

EXCEPT TRANSAXLE ASSEMBLY

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    Shift lock system
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    Other materials:

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    P2118 throttle control motor
    Description The throttle control motor is operated by the ECM and it opens and closes the throttle valve. The current opening angle of the throttle valve is detected by the throttle position sensor and it provides feedback to the ECM to control the throttle control motor to make the throttl ...

    P0101 maf sensor
    Description The mass air flow sensor (1) is placed in the stream of intake air. It measures the intake flow rate by measuring a part of the entire intake flow. The mass air flow sensor controls the temperature of the hot wire to a certain amount. The heat generated by the hot wire is reduced as ...